Minhajul Haque https://minhajulhaque.com Visual Artist, Fine Art Landscape Photographer Sun, 09 Dec 2018 15:22:35 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://minhajulhaque.com/wp-content/uploads/favicon-100x100.png Minhajul Haque https://minhajulhaque.com 32 32 80798432 Photography As a Form of Art https://minhajulhaque.com/photography-as-a-form-of-art/ https://minhajulhaque.com/photography-as-a-form-of-art/#respond Wed, 19 Jul 2017 02:09:42 +0000 http://minhajulhaque.com/?p=824 In this seminar Photography As a Form of Art, we will discuss why art is so necessary for all ─ poor or rich, educated or uneducated, professional or commoner. Throughout the ages art, to be more specific visual art, has been 'the exclusive preserve of a few professionals'. And the common people think that they have nothing to do with it.

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Why do many people find it difficult to consider photography as a form of art? Because it is not inherently a medium of art. If we look at the origin, the camera was just a productivity tool for scientists and media to capture a scene with the help of a button rather than holding a scene into their memory and then recalling it later in order to lay it on a piece of paper. It saved a lot of time for them and made the information somewhat realistic.

However, the curious among us stepped further and took it to the extent of visual art. Throughout the ages art, to be more specific visual art, has been ‘the exclusive preserve of a few professionals’. And the common people think that they have nothing to do with it. In this seminar, we will discuss why art is so necessary for all ─ poor or rich, educated or uneducated, professional or commoner.

Photography As a Form of Art

Photography As a Form of Art

Subhankar Das, an assistant teacher of Painta J. M. High School, is highly inspired by his recent interest in creative photography and he wants to establish a sense of art among his fellow people. He has organized a seminar on “Photography As a Form of Art” in his school with the cooperation of the headmaster Mr. Shanti Prasad Nandi and his other associates.

To fulfill the purpose of this seminar he has invited Minhajul Haque ─ a fine art landscape photographer and instructor of creative photography ─ and Alakesh Ghosh ─ an enthusiast in creative landscape and outdoor portrait photography ─ who is having honourable acceptance in many national and international salons throughout the world.

Join us and learn the art of seeing that affects our daily life.

Eventbrite - Photography As a Form of Art

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Digital Negative, The Archival Raw Format https://minhajulhaque.com/the-digital-negative/ https://minhajulhaque.com/the-digital-negative/#respond Mon, 07 Dec 2015 23:26:45 +0000 http://www.minhajulhaque.com/?p=129 If you are digital shooter who use Adobe Camera Raw (ACR) or Adobe Photoshop Lightroom I'm sure you have encountered DNG. You may be wondering what actually is it?, or what is it used for?, or why in the world should I convert my original raw image to DNG developed by adobe where it has its own vendor specific raw format?

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If you are digital shooter who use ACR or Lightroom I’m sure you have encountered DNG. You may be wondering what actually is it?, or what is it used for?, or why in the world should I convert my original raw image to DNG developed by Adobe where it has its own vendor specific raw format? Because I rarely hear photographers talking about DNG which is very very important when it comes to image archival.

 

What is DNG?

DNG is open and documented raw file format developed by Adobe. It’s open and its file spec is fully documented for programmers who want to build a DNG converter for reading DNG files without any special decoding. The main purpose of developing DNG is to ensure longevity to your raw files. Basically, it’s an archival format. I know this sounds wired. But it is. Let me tell you what Adobe means by longevity. The vendor specific raw file formats are undocumented and only they know what’s in the file. So you would be in real trouble if the vendor is not available after a few decades. So, your won’t be able to use those images kept in it’s proprietary raw format if your vendor be no longer in the business.

 

Reasons for Converting Images into DNG

  • It’s an archival raw format.
  • It’s lossless translation. So there is no risk of loosing original raw data that comes out of your camera.
  • Unlike proprietary raw formats it holds the metadata in the file itself. No sidecar XMP is created to hold the matadata. It ensures more security for your rights on your images and other legal or descriptive information about the images when you hand over your raw files to your clients (if needed); because sidecar XMP files that hold that metadata may be discarded by some systems when submitting those files over a network.
  • It embeds the thumbnail preview in the file which make it load faster in the system rather than generating preview thumbnails every time you use them.

Disclaimer: If you are using your proprietary Raw Converter, then DNG files are not read by those programs. Although some of them have started supporting DNG, you must be sure about it before converting your raw images into DNG. If you use only ACR or Lightroom for developing raw files and never uses those programs developed by the camera vendors then it’s absolutely fine to convert them into DNG. As the metadata and thumbnail previews get embedded into itself the size of the file also becomes a little larger.

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Self-hosted WordPress Website https://minhajulhaque.com/self-hosted-wordpress/ https://minhajulhaque.com/self-hosted-wordpress/#respond Tue, 08 Dec 2015 03:33:52 +0000 http://www.minhajulhaque.com/?p=114 Having a full featured e-Commerce website is one of the most essential tools for all artists who want to sell their artwork mainly prints and digital downloads online. There are already a lot of good communities or image hosting companies like SmugMug or PhotoSeller or many others who do all the work for you to get your website up and running. But if you like to have full control over your website and its design, this article might be helpful for you.

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After I finalized my decision for nature and landscape photography, the first thing I felt so necessary was to have a full blown e-Commerce website. Fortunately there are a lot of good image hosting companies like SmugMug or PhotoShelter (probably the most popular ones for professional photographers) who takes all the pain for you and have affordable pricing as well. Their subscription plans may go from $5 to $40 and all it depends on the functionalities or features you want to avail from them. If you are comfortable with what they are already offering you within your budget, then you should not worry about anything else like security, user friendliness and responsiveness (which are worth considering these days). Whatever they have is well executed. Register a domain and subscribe a plan that fits your need and you are all set to go. But you are often limited to how it looks and feels, and in its scalability. Moreover, often you want a feature which is bundled with a subscription plan that you do not have a budget for. So, if you would like to have full control on your site with a plan to scale it further in future as your business grows, then WordPress could be one of the greatest solutions for you and I have some helpful information about it.

 

What You Should Expect

My purpose of this article is to help you make a better choice and familiarize with a set of tools that you might consider worth having to operate your online business as a fine art artist. I make no attempt to cover installing WordPress on local machine, getting it ready to all the way uploading it to server via FTP. I assume that you understand this CMS well and have some working knowledge on it. If not, first, consider learning how to use WordPress. The best place to learn WordPress is its documentation, the Codex library. I’m not going to expect you to be an advance programmer. In fact WordPress doesn’t require any programming skill to publish any content on the web. If you have a little working knowledge on HTML, CSS, jQuery and PHP, you can customize it further and modify the code that comes out of the box. But remember, any structural modification you make in the core WordPress software, theme or plugin will vanish after it gets updated. No need to worry. There are a lot of themes and plugins specially designed and developed for the artists which do not require any structural modification to fit your needs. If you are a web developer, looking for a solution or combination of services for your client, this article might help you too.

 

Designing the WordPress Site

The ultimate purpose of a design is to make something better or more useful. The aesthetics of design comes next. Design is one of the most critical decisions for any web project. Every web project starts with mocking up its structural and functional design. A website having tons of functionalities with a messy user interface is really frustrating and a beautifully designed website that requires a lot of effort to navigate around it suffers with the same problem. You do not want your visitors to leave your website immediately after they visit it. You want them to stay and navigate around it and get the things they want as easily as possible.

Design is not just what it looks like or feels like. Design is how it works. – Steve Jobs

The worst mistake you will ever make if you ask a programmer to design and a designer to develop. It’s because each field requires different level of skills and specialization. Although there are many professionals who can design and code as well.  But, even the world’s best programmer may choose some funny colors for your project and the best designer may leave your code vulnerable to hackers. So to deal with this problem they work together to get the best out of it. You must know this fact. But if you are going to use WordPress, then there is no need to worry. WordPress is developed and supported by thousands of experts. There is no security issue and design flaw with WordPress. They release patches immediately after they find any problem with. They have a very active community.

Now, what is a good design? Well, let me ask you, what is a good image? A good image never loses the focus of its main interest. It uses all the necessary visual elements that guide the viewer’s eyes to the subject of main interest or keep the viewer’s eyes engaging to the subject. So does a good design. A good web design will let you visitors know about everything you have to offer them at a glance.

So, you need to clarify your purpose. You need to know what you are going to feature on your website. Consider asking yourself questions like,

  • Is it the portfolio that should have a greater attention, to get a contract from your client?
  • Is it the services you offer at your local studio?
  • Is it only the products that you want to sell online?

Each of these ideas has a very different approach to designing. Most importantly you must know your targeted audience.

For an instance, if it is only the products you want to sell online then you should go for a website that has a look and feel like an online store, because, it’s really a virtual store. So the home page should display the types of products you offer may be with a carousel then there may be thumbnail sliders for most popular, featured, best selling products and so on.

 

Choosing a WordPress Theme

Fortunately this is WordPress. There are thousand of great themes, free or premium both available out there. But I would always ask you to get a premium one for your business. The advantages of using a premium theme are,

  • It’s often bundled with more features.
  • It is designed and developed by experts.
  • It’s more extensible.
  • The quality of code is better than the free ones.
  • It’s more secure and less vulnerable.
  • It’s properly coded following the current web standards and the guidelines of codex as well.
  • It’s compatible with most of the well coded plugins.
  • You get a premium support.
  • It offers security fixes and updates time to time.
  • It looks more professional and so on.

The theme I use on this site is a premium theme developed on Twitter’s Bootstrap Framework. I personally like Bootstrap because I used it before and it’s so comprehensive and I spent a lot of time digging through it’s documentation. So I’m familiar with it’s CSS Classes, JavaScript and Components. That basically helped me to figure out when a few things went wrong with it. But none of these should be your concern if you are a photographer or a person who is not a programmer. Honestly I made a very few changes only when it came to my site’s branding issue. This theme also came with a library of Google Fonts that basically pulls out all the fonts from it’s database. It does help you quickly switch between new and popular fonts but I would not recommend you to do that. Because it will hugely impact your branding. Choose a legible font that suits your style and stay with it.

Generally, you do not get any compatibility issue with the WordPress plugins that you are using with a well coded theme. So choose a theme that fits your need and compatible with the plugins you are already using. Incompatibility may crash your entire site. It’s recommended to test it locally rather than activating it on your live website. Always backup your site before making any functional changes.

 

Plugins for Photographers

Plugins are the real power of WordPress sites, which makes the difference between WordPress.com and WordPress.org. It makes your WordPress site from a simple blog to almost anything you want. You can build your own community or you can even develop a social networking site like Facebook by just installing few plugins. I hope this proves the point of what I mean by the power of WordPress plugins.

Like WordPress Themes, WordPress Plugins are available in their plugin directory. They are all free to use. They are written by generous WordPress enthusiasts to help meet your purpose. It’s very rare, not to get a type of plugin that you are looking for. Many of these plugins also have a pro/premium version. These kinds of plugins are generally developed and supported by professional WordPress Plugins developers or WordPress Plugins development companies. You can even contact some of these companies to develop a unique plugin for your business. But that is going to cost you a lot. I would not recommend you do that unless it’s so necessary.

So, what are the must have plugins to make this simple Web Publishing Software to a full featured e-Commerce website for photographers or fine art artists? I’m going to explain some of the most popular plugins you might consider using and why you should use them.

 

Akismet

It’s a plugin developed by Automattic, the same company who developed WordPress. You have it already installed with the fresh copy of your WordPress software. It’s an anti-spam service that checks your comments against the Akismet Web Service to provide you an extra layer of protection against spammers.

“Do I need it?” Well, it depends on whether you can figure out a spammer on your own. When your web site gains popularity, there is a high chance of getting comment or email spams. They use a messaging system to send unsolicited (often irrelevant) messages (often contain links) to advertise their own contents. It’s economically viable, because they do not have any operating cost involved in their advertisements.

I personally do not use the Akismet Web Service. I do not mean that I’m smart enough to detect every spammer on the web. A couple of things you may consider doing to avoid spammers on your website.

  • You may disable comment or discussion and hide your email address using a contact form.
  • You may only allow the subscribers to comment on your posts.
  • When you find any irrelevant comment with two or more links in it except the commentator’s own web address, you should immediately block it.
  • Never click on those links provided in the message if you find it irrelevant. Clicking those links often confirms their target.
  • Do not expose your email address on the web.

If you want more information to defend yourself from spammers, check out Combatting Comment Spam by codex.

Akismet doesn’t come free for commercial sites. If you have a budget for using Akismet, check out their Plans and Pricing. They are going to monitor all the activities on your website and protect you from attackers.

 

NextGEN Gallery

If your website is all about images NextGEN Gallery is made for it. It is one of the featured and most popular plugins in the WordPress Plugins directory for years. NextGEN Gallery has been developed by Photocrati Media.  I’m using this plugin not just because it’s so popular. There are a plenty of other things that got my attention to it. I would say it’s the best solution for me among all the available plugins on the web for managing images easily. I have also licensed for NextGEN Plus for some additional features they offer in their premium versions.

Some of the great features of this plugin are ZIP/FTP upload, EXIF Data extraction from images (if available), Image Backup, watermarking for theft prevention, image/gallery/album management and many lightbox effects to display your high resolution images on pop-up window.

 

Fotomoto

I finalized the decision of developing this website on WordPress after I found Fotomoto. It doesn’t have to be just WordPress; Fotomoto can turn any website into an e-Commerce platform. It’s a Bay Photo company which acts between seller, printers, shippers and customers. It also allows you to self-fulfill your orders.

Fotomoto works as an widget. It’s very light-weight and flexible. After you have it installed in your WordPress site it looks for all the images on your website that match some pre-defined criteria and set the cart ready when your customers click on an image to order prints right from your website.

The reasons I choose Fotomoto are:

  • Quality of print is the one of the primary concerns of all artists. Fotomoto has partnership with some most popular and quality printers.
  • Your customers can order different kinds of products like Fine Art Print, Metal Print, Canvas, Poster, Wall Peel, Greeting Cards etc.
  • Besides, it allows your image viewers to send e-Card to their friends via social sharing or e-mail. It doesn’t cost your viewers but it definitely helps you promote your artwork.
  • You can also sell license for your digital photos or negotiate with your clients with their built-in communication system. If you have a stock photography business this feature might be helpful.
  • Fotomoto allows you to create coupons to offer discount to your customers.
  • Fotomoto ships prints internationally.
  • You can automate your workflow with their Auto-pickup feature. It allows you to keep your print optimized files available residing either on your server in a secured folder or other services like Amazon S3. It saves you from the hassle of uploading the print optimized hi-res file to Fotomoto every time a customer orders a print from your website. But this feature is not available in their free plan.
  • You can enable the self-fulfillment option on your dashboard, if you decide to print and ship on your own. Remember, Fotomoto will not be responsible for coordinating printing and shipping when you choose to self-fulfill your orders or a particular order. But they do offer a communication system to let the customer know the status of his order where you as a seller have to update the status all manually.
  • Pro Plus user can also add multiple web stores and mange them from a single dashboard.

 

MailPoet Newsletters

Sending newsletter is one of the great ways of letting your customers know about your new services, recent work, discounts on products, offers etc. There are a number of great services available online for this job, like MailChimp, Constant Contact etc; most of them also offer a free service for a certain number of subscriber. You should figure out your need before you decide to use one.

MailPoet Newsletters is one of the popular solutions for WordPress users. It comes in two varieties. You might want start with the free version as it has a free room for certain number of subscribers.

The Main Features of MailPoet Newsletters are:

  • It’s exclusively designed for WordPress. So it seamlessly integrate with this platform without any functional conflict.
  • It’s customizable. You can customize its appearance to match your website or branding.
  • It offers a free service for certain number of subscribers and do not use their logo for branding as well.
  • They also offer a premium plugin which is designed for unlimited number of subscribers and comes with more features.
  • You get a lot of pre-designed newsletter templates or you can build your own from scratch.
  • You can automate this plugin to send newsletter every time you post a blog article.

 

WordPress SEO by Yoast

This is the best, advance and complex plugin for search engine optimization (SEO) in the WordPress Plugins directory. WordPress SEO is developed by Joost de Valk one of the premier experts on SEO who has been working on this plugin exclusively since 2008. Unlike other SEO plugins one of the greatest features of this plugin is it directly integrates the most popular social media websites like Facebook, Twitter, and Google+ to your website and boosts your search engine ranking. This plugin also include XML Sitemaps where you don’t need to install a separate plugin for that. Other advance features include Focus Keyword, Page Analysis etc.

 

BackWPup

Internet is never 100% secure. It’s very imperative to keep multiple copies of all the files that you have on your server for security or any other troubles that you may face down the road. Backing up your site ensures the ultimate security for your published content.

BackWPup is a very advance and popular backup plugin which comes in two varieties; the free version is available in the WordPress Plugins directory. It’s completely upto you whether you want the free version or the pro version. It allows you schedule automatic backup to many web services like Dropbox, Amazon S3, Microsoft Azure, RackSpaceCloud, SugarSync and FTP Server as well.

 

Jetpack

It’s a bundle of plugins developed by the same people who developed WordPress. The sole purpose of developing Jetpack is to bring all the WordPress.com features for your self-hosted WordPress websites. It also connects your self-hosted WordPress websites with WordPress.com. You must want to check out this plugin.

Note: Jetpack comes with a lot of features; probably you are not going to activate them all. Because some features may conflict with your existing plugins. It’s worth checking whether your site is working properly after you activate any feature.

 

Hosting a WordPress Site

This topic deserves a separate article. Hosting website could be a bit complex for photographers. It requires some knowledge of configuring the webhost for WordPress and its Database, Mail Server, FTP Server etc. But there are a lot of places on the internet to know about them.

Besides all these technical configurations, there are other important things to consider while choosing a hosting company. There are many hosting company available on the internet and all of them are not reliable. There are uptime, bandwidth, security and other technical issues with them. You must check whether your hosting company has compatible hardwares and softwares for running a WordPress site before you choose one.

This website is hosted on BlueHost; the one also recommended by WordPress developers. BlueHost is one of the most popular web hosting company on the internet for their quality and customer services. BlueHost also provides a one click WordPress installation and auto update feature for the core WordPress software. It’s well documented and they will also walk you through everything you need to know about setting up a WordPress site. You might also want to subscribe BlueHost YouTube Channel to watch their video tutorials.

 

BlueHost - Fast Professional Website Hosting Services

 

Conclusion

One of the greatest problems of modern life is we are left with a lot of choices; we are drowning in gigabytes of data. It distracts more than it helps. I had to spend months to figure out a solution for my own business. My goal was to familiarize you with a set of tools that work seamlessly. If you have a different need you might have to do a little research for the type of service you’re looking for. Again, you may be left with many choices. Your goal should be figuring out the best balance between your budget, security, responsiveness, scalability, accessibility, SEO and easy maintenance.

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Keyword Essentials for Digital Photographers https://minhajulhaque.com/keyword-essentials/ https://minhajulhaque.com/keyword-essentials/#respond Sat, 14 Nov 2015 08:22:56 +0000 http://www.minhajulhaque.com/?p=298 Keywords are what lie in the heart of metadata which makes your images available to the search engines. The concept of keyword may go across all kinds electronic files but the fundamentals of keywording remain the same. Properly keyworded photographs will benefit you in many different ways. Eventually the idea of keyword takes you to the area of automation. If you are a high-range digital shooter it will make your life easier and it is the key element that will fetch you money when you are in the stock photography business.

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I was often asked, “Why in the world you put even your father’s First and Last Name in your phone’s contact?” Since they would see me filling in “Fast Name”, “Last Name” and all the relevant information I had every time I saved a new contact. One of my friends once jokingly said, “Minhajul is a proper user of technology.” But none of them really knew why I did so. Technology is powerful and it becomes more powerful when it seamlessly integrates with other technologies and with our life. I happened to have my contact information synchronized across my all devices and I wanted them to be as formal as possible to make it usable in another context. Since I knew if I search by a keyword like “father” or “dad” as they did that would also pull out my father’s contact details without any trouble if those words or phrases were available in the place of “relation”, “nickname” or “pet name” though the First and Last Name held the actual details which were different.

The searching algorithm looks up information by words. It checks whether the given words are available in the content and those specific contents are extracted from the databases. Google does the same thing probably in the smartest way. So do Bing and other search engine algorithms. But images on the web are treated differently than text. Search engines cannot read an image the way it reads a text. Image formats like JPEG, or PNG, or TIFF can contain some text in it called metadata which comes into play when they are looked up by search engines. In order to get your images understood by search engines, they must be properly described and keyworded. I strongly recommend you to understand this concept to make your images available for the search engines and searching algorithms written for specific applications as well.

 

Who is it for?

The concept of a keyword may go across all kinds electronic files but I’m going to discuss keywording images or illustrations. As I’m going to show you how Adobe Bridge and Lightroom handles keywords and how you can automate this process in your digital workflow. But the fundamentals of keywording remain the same for all kinds of electronic files.

 

What is a keyword?

Keywords have a very different meaning in the world of programming, they are special and reserved words/commands and for everything else, it’s a word having a special meaning to a particular context. It’s an implication of what people actually mean beyond a word. It could also be treated as a tag for reference to the context. This concept is also extended to hashtagging.

 

Benefits of Keywords

Properly keyworded photographs will benefit you in many different ways. Eventually, the idea of keyword takes you to the area of automation. If you are a high-range digital shooter it will make your life easier and it is the key element that will fetch you money when you are in the stock photography business.

  • Digital Asset Management (DAM): Digital Asset Management is a part of entire Digital Workflow where digital files are organized in a meaningful way to enhance accessibility. Different photographers design it in different ways and that depends on the type of their job and type of application they are using. Adobe has two sophisticated applications to handle it, Adobe Bridge which deals with all kinds of files including photographs and Adobe Photoshop Lightroom which is specially designed for digital photographers. When your photographs contain relevant keywords you can easily filter and sort your images according to those keywords. This technique can also be used for categorization using Smart Collection which auto-populates your digital libraries. Basically, properly keyworded files will help you handle a lot of work automatically.
  • Stock Photography: How would people know that you have some beautiful images if they cannot find it? To answer this question we should know how people find something on the web. They find it through search engines and search engine algorithms fetch them relevant results; basically, links. Search engines look for relevant information in the form of text as there is no such algorithm ever written to read the content in the images, music or videos. So for all electronic files except ‘text’ we need to provide additional information called ‘metadata’ to help search engines to realize what’s in it.

 

Keyword Efficiently

A professional photographer often finds himself involved in other important tasks than keywording. Eventually, this part is neglected if one isn’t a stock photographer where keywording photographs isn’t a primary concern. As going through a dictionary every time to find relevant keywords and their synonyms isn’t easy, time-consuming and quite boring. But there is a way around it if you are using an application like Adobe Bridge or Adobe Photoshop Lightroom. These applications will help you list your most used keywords in a meaningful and hierarchical way. Of course, a list of useful keywords always comes in handy. To make this navigation easier you can group them or categorize them. Quickly eyeing your list of keywords will ensure whether you are missing something (like other relevant keywords, synonyms, scientific names etc) rather than hunting your mind or spending time thinking of relevant keywords.

 

How to Create a List of Keywords

For Adobe Applications, Adobe Bridge and Adobe Photoshop Lightroom there are possibly two approaches. Either you can create your list using the application interfaces or you can create a text document with proper line breaks and indentations and then import the file into Adobe Bridge or Adobe Photoshop Lightroom.

Creating Keyword List Using the Application Interface

You can create your own list of useful keywords right into Adobe Bridge or Adobe Photoshop Lightroom. To do that you have to go through the following steps.

Adobe Bridge

  • Step 1 : Click the New Keyword button or the New Sub Keyword button to create a keyword.
    br-create-new-keyword
    br-create-new-sub-keyword
  • Step 2 : Type the keyword in the text box.
  • Step 3 : Press enter to commit.

Adobe Photoshop Lightroom

  • Step 1 : Click the Create New Keyword Tag button on Keyword List panel or to create a sub-keyword make sure to select the parent keyword before you click the Create New Keyword Tag button on the Keyword List panel.lr-keyword-panel
  • Step 2 : Put the keyword and other attributes as synonyms if you want them to be automatically assigned when you select the keyword.lr-create-keyword-tag-dialog-box
  • Step 3 : If you are creating sub keyword then the selected parent keyword will appear in the dialog box. In this example it’s “Animal”. Check Put inside “Animal” if you want it to appear under “Animal”.lr-create-sub-keyword-tag-dialog-box
  • Step 4 : Click on the Create button to commit.

 

Create Keyword List Using a Text Document

Creating a list using a ‘Text Document’ is a bit tricky and it works absolutely fine. I often make changes to this file and import it back to update my list. One of the reasons I prefer to work this way because it gives me more control. I put the words the way I want and then the Adobe Bridge or Adobe Photoshop Lightroom does a great job in rearranging those words in an alphabetic and hierarchical order according to the indentations.

  • Step 1 : Create a ‘Text Document’ and name it anything you want.
  • Step 2 : Type your keywords each in a separate line. No comma (,) or period (.) is allowed in the document.
  • Step 3 : For hierarchical arrangement press ‘Tab’ once to list the keyword under the keyword specified above. Basically the indented keyword becomes a child. Any child enclosed in curly brackets (braces {}) will be treated as synonym by Lightroom. Synonyms are usually hidden on the application interface but they automatically get assigned when the keyword is selected.

Note: To better understand how the keywords are structured consider opening the template file in any text editor.

 

Import & Export

Backing up your template files is a good practice. It ensures you an extra layer of protection. You might want to save different versions of your template file as your list grows.

The following step by step instruction will help you to import and export a Keyword List template.

Adobe Bridge

  1. Import
    1. Open the Keywords Panel. If it’s not there go to Window menu and select it.
    2. Click the menu residing in the upper right corner of of the Keyword Panel.
    3. Select “Import…”.
    4. Locate the file (.txt) on your computer.
    5. Click on “Open” to import all the keywords that file is containing.
  2. Export
    1. Open the Keywords Panel. If it’s not there go to Window menu and select it.
    2. Click the menu residing in the upper right corner of of the Keyword Panel.
    3. Select “Export…”.
    4. Chose the destination of the file (.txt).
    5. Click on “Save” to export all the keywords of your Keyword List.

Note: Adobe Bridge doesn’t allow any synonym. If your file contains synonyms Adobe Bridge will discard them while you import the template file.

Adobe Photoshop Lightroom

  1. Import
    1. Click on “Metadata” on the menu bar then select “Import Keywords…”.
    2. Locate the file (.txt) on your computer.
    3. Click on “Open” to import all the keywords that file is containing.
  2. Export
    1. Click on “Metadata” on the menu bar then select “Export Keywords…”.
    2. Chose the destination of the file (.txt).
    3. Click on “Save” to export all the keywords of your Keyword List.

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Understanding The Fundamentals of Color https://minhajulhaque.com/color-fundamentals/ https://minhajulhaque.com/color-fundamentals/#respond Sat, 14 Nov 2015 08:20:39 +0000 http://www.minhajulhaque.com/?p=264 Color is one of the main components of light besides its angle and intensity. Color exists because of light; where there is no light, there is no color. We see colors because light waves strike an object and they are reflected back into our eye. Some of the light waves are absorbed by the object and some of them are reflected back which determines the color of the object. What makes this subject more complex is not the science of color rather the our perception of color. Additionally, digital imaging technologies introduce other problems since digital cameras, scanners, monitors and printers do not handle color in the same way. It's imperative that you must understand how computer and you see color, to obtain or maintain consistency. Besides, technical accuracy, developing an eye for color will also help you to make more creative decisions.

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Color is one of the main components of light besides its angle and intensity. Color exists because of light; where there is no light, there is no color. We see colors because light waves strike an object and they are reflected back into our eye. Some of the light waves are absorbed by the object and some of them are reflected back which determines the color of the object. What makes this subject more complex is not the science of color rather the our perception of color. Additionally, digital imaging technologies introduce other problems since digital cameras, scanners, monitors and printers do not handle color in the same way. It’s imperative that you must understand how computer and you see color, to obtain or maintain consistency. Besides, technical accuracy, developing an eye for color will also help you to make more creative decisions.

 

Human & Color

Color is a function of objects, light and observer. When light hits an object, it absorbs some of the light and reflects the others which determines the color of the object. We, humans are only able to see a small part of entire electromagnetic spectrum, called visible spectrum. Our eye only responds to wavelengths ranging from about 390 to 700 nm.

Our eye has two kinds of photoreceptors that respond to electromagnetic impulse, rods and cones. Rods sense the intensity of light that also enable us to see in low-light. Where cones are responsible for our color vision and they basically function better in bright light. Cones are further classified into three categories each with a different pigment since we have trichromatic color vision; L-cones, M-cones and S-cones. L-cones are sensitive to long wavelengths which are mostly sensitive to red light and less sensitive to either green or blue. M-cones mostly responds to green light and not much to either red or blue. And S-cones are sensitive to short wavelengths which are mostly sensitive to blue light and not much to red and green light.

 

Bit Depth

Bit is a unit in the world of computing, represented by either 0 or 1. If you have a 8-bit image, it contains 28 or 256 levels of gray in each channel Red, Green and Blue. That means 256 x 256 x 256 or 16 million color information.

Today’s high-end DSLRs are capable of capturing 12 bits of information or more; where the printers will only allow 8 bits of information. So, printers will randomly discard the information that goes beyond its range. If you are a raw shooter you get a privilege of deciding what information to keep and what to discard in post-production.

Color Depth

Color depth refers to the number of color shades available on your display and is measured in bits per pixel (bpp). Typical ranges are, 256 colors (8 bpp), thousands of colors (16 bpp), and millions of colors (32 bpp).

 

Color Space

Computer doesn’t think of colors the way we do. It only understands RGB values. Color Space is a collection of colors described by a particular color profile. It relates numbers to actual colors.

 

Color Gamut

Color gamut is the range of color of a color space. In-gamut color means reproducible colors and out-of-gamut means colors that are not reproducible in a particular color space. The purity of the primaries is what determines the gamut for a device.

 

Color Profile

Computer doesn’t understand color. A color profile is a file that tells a computer how to render color. All it does, is it passes a varying amount of red, green and blue light through phosphors or lay varying amount of cyan, magenta and yellow dyes to render a specific color.

Color Appearance = RGB Number + Profile

There are three different types of profiles

  1. Monitor Profiles – It’s responsible for displaying true colors, brightness and contrast on your monitors. A monitor profile is usually created by calibrating hardwares and softwares. It has nothing to do with image editing programs. It automatically gets loaded when your computer boots up.
  2. Workspace Profiles – It’s a color profile for your image editing program. It doesn’t interfere with monitor or output profiles. It determines how the colors of your image will translate in different displays. Examples of such profiles are sRGB, Adobe RGB (1998), ProPhoto RGB etc. Once you embed one of these profiles with your image it tries to maintain consistency from one workspace to other. Some colors may not be rendered properly if your image is getting converted to a relatively smaller workspace profile. For example, sRGB < Adobe RGB (1998) < ProPhoto RGB.
  3. Output Profiles – Usually, printer and paper manufacturers make these profiles. It’s responsible for matching your prints with your monitor. This conversion takes place in your image editing program.

 

The Components of Color

A color is defined by combination three components of light; hue, saturation and luminosity.

  1. Hue – Hue is the actual color which is independent from saturation and brightness. It enables us to classify red, purple, green, yellow etc. Hue also tells us where it exist in the color wheel.
  2. Saturation/Chroma – Saturation determines the purity, richness or the vividness of a color. So a desaturated image contains no color.
  3. Brightness/Luminosity/Value – Brightness or luminosity or value tells about the intensity of light. It determines how dark or light a color is.

 

The Color Wheel

Color wheel is a logical organization of hues intended to show the relationships between primary, secondary and tertiary colors.

  • Primary Colors – Primary colors are sets of colors that cannot be reproduced by mixing other colors. The three subtractive primaries Red, Yellow and Blue are used to create all the other colors that we see.
  • Secondary Colors – Three secondary colors Green, Orange and Pruple are produced by mixing two primary colors.
  • Tertiary Colors – The six tertiary colors exist in between the primary and secondary colors. A tertiary color is produced by mixing the primary and the secondary color that exist either side of it.
Color Hex

Color Hex

 

Additive & Subtractive Color Mixing

Additive and subtractive color mixing are the methods of color reproduction for digital devices.

 

Additive Color Mixing

RGB

RGB

Additive colors are produced by mixing and projecting light primarily red, green and blue that creates lighter color closer to white.

  • Red + Green = Yellow
  • Green + Blue = Cyan
  • Blue + Red = Magenta
  • Red + Green + Blue = White

 

Subtractive Color Mixing

CMYK

CMYK

Subtractive colors are produced by mixing and laying dyes, inks, or pigments. The reason it’s called subtractive is it absorbs or subtract light and the light that doesn’t get absorbed is reflected off the surface. For example, a red pigment appears red because it absorbs or subtract all light except red. So does a green or blue pigment.

  • Cyan + Magenta = Blue
  • Magenta + Yellow = Red
  • Yellow + Cyan = Green
  • Cyan + Magenta + Yellow = Black

 

Tint, Shade & Tone

Tint is the result of mixing white with any color to increase lightness whereas shade is the result of mixing black with any color to reduce lightness and we get the tones of a color by adding gray to it.

Tints

Tint of a color is reproduced by adding white to the original hue.

Shades

Shade of a color is reproduced by adding black to the original hue.

Tones

Tone of a color is reproduced by adding gray to the original hue.

 

Color Harmonies

Color harmony is often regarded as color scheme. Basically, it is a method of combining colors based on the color wheel, for aesthetic purpose. These combinations of colors are often pleasing to our eye. It can boost contrast and balance a composition as well.

Complementary
The pairs of colors lying opposite each other on the wheel are considered as complementary color. Theoretically, each pair of these colors should create neutral gray when mixed together in equal amount. Because they should cancel each other as they complement each other. Complementary colors appears very vibrant and energetic. It creates a lot of contrast (especially when used at full saturation) between cool and warm colors that results a perfect balance in the composition.

Complementary Color Scheme

Complementary Color Scheme

Analogous
Analogous color schemes use three colors that are adjacent to one another on the color wheel. These colors appear very harmonious, comfortable and pleasing to the eye for having less contrast in between them. Analogous colors are often found in nature.

Analogous Color Scheme

Analogous Color Scheme

Triad
The triadic color scheme is based on three colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel. It appears vibrant and balanced.

Triadic Color Scheme

Triadic Color Scheme

Split-Complementary
The split-complementary color scheme is based on three colors. It is a variation of complementary color scheme. You choose a base color on the wheel and two adjacent colors of its complement. Like complementary it has a strong visual contrast.

Split-complementary Color Scheme

Split-complementary Color Scheme

Tetradic
The tetradic color scheme is made up of two complementary pairs on the color wheel. This color scheme has more possible variations than other color schemes.

Tetradic Color Scheme

Tetradic Color Scheme

Square
Unlike tetradic color scheme the square color scheme uses complementary colors equally spaced around the color wheel.

Square Color Scheme

Square Color Scheme

 

Color Psychology

Colors influence our emotion and how we respond to the things around us. It also forces us to take important actions. Although, it varies with person, gender, culture and circumstances. We can roughly describe the meanings of some common colors so that we can carefully select or manipulated color to convey or to exaggerate its associated meanings.

Hue Name Meaning
Red Red is the color of blood and fire. It’s the most emotionally intense color. It influences our metabolism, respiration and blood pressure. It is highly noticeable since it has the longest wavelength. So red is often used to indicate danger or warning. It can evoke erotic feelings. It symbolizes love, romance, sexuality, power, passion, danger, rage, anger, violence, war, confidence, courage, vitality, will power, action, ambition and determination.
Pink Pink is associated with feminine. It symbolizes love and romance, beauty, caring, tenderness, nurture, acceptance and calm.
Orange Orange is warm and inviting. It simulates appetite and associates with joy, sunshine and tropics. It speaks for happiness. Orange can be used to draw attention since it is highly noticeable. It increases oxygen and stimulates mental activity. It symbolizes enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, cheerfulness, affordability, stimulation, creativity, determination, vitality, endurance, desire, sexual passion, pleasure, domination, aggression, optimism and wisdom.
Yellow Yellow stands for happiness. It’s bright, airy and playful. It creates a great contrast with darker colors that indicates a sign of warning. For example, bees, snake etc. It’s also a difficult color to look at. It symbolizes wisdom, joy, happiness, intellect, loyalty, hunger, decay, caution, conflict, trepidation, sickness, jealousy, impatience, criticism and cowardice.
Green Green is nature’s color that is associated with growth and health. It’s the most pleasing and restful color for our eye. Unlike red it indicates safety, stability, security and trust. It symbolizes nature, environmental, growth, hope, self-reliance, harmony, freshness, health, calmness, relaxation, ambition, prosperity, stability, harmony, fertility, well being. But it can also evoke feelings of nausea and envy. It is also used to represent evil, witchcraft, and decay.
Blue Blue is associated with depth and stability since it is the color of sky and sea. It gives a feeling of serenity and tranquility that causes our body to produce calming chemicals. That is why it’s often used in hospital, bedroom and office. It’s a preferred color of men since it gives them a masculine look. It suggests loyalty, integrity, creativity and intelligence. It symbolizes stability, depth, youth, spirituality, truth, peace, friendliness, confidence, faith, honor, reliability, hope, knowledge, trust, coldness, and winter.
Purple Purple is very rare in nature often invokes a sense of creativity. It has a tranquil quality of blue. Like pink women mostly teenagers are more attracted to purple than men, for its feminine quality. It symbolizes royalty, magic, artificial, mystery, power, luxury, elegance, sophistication, nobility, prestige, romance, softness and nostalgia.
Black Black has a negative connotation. It’s the color of hidden or secretive things. It mostly associated with something evil. It symbolizes night, darkness, death, submission, scary, earth, stability, luxury, wealth, elegance, power, strengths, illegality, formality, depth, stylish and timeless.
White White is associated with purity, perfection, cleanliness and unknown like we often think of angels in white clothes. It has a positive connotation. It symbolizes purity, simplicity, cleanliness, innocence, peaceful, virginity, truth, empowerment, sterility, snow and cold.
Gray Gray suggests old age and conservatism. But gray can also be used in combination with color to create very classy effect. It symbolizes traditionalism, dull, uninteresting, sorrow, security and maturity.

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